FSSA White Papers

Research Report: Effect of High Airflow and Aisle Containment on Clean Agent System Performance in Data Centers
December 2023

A Joint Study by the Fire Suppression Systems Association and the Fire Industry Association (UK)

NFPA Standard 2001 Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems, ISO 14520, and EN 15004 require that system discharge nozzles be listed for their intended use. The UL and FM standards for approval of clean agent systems require nozzles to demonstrate their ability to produce a uniform concentration of clean agent throughout a given volume. The approval tests are done in still air. That is, no air movement is present in the test enclosure.

In contrast, clean agent systems are often used in data centers where airflow is maintained during and after system discharges. A project was initiated under the Fire Protection Research Foundation's leadership to examine the effect of continuous airflow on the uniformity of the clean agent concentration (also known as "agent distribution") produced by a system discharge. The planning project was completed in 2015. In 2018, the Fire Suppression Systems Association (FSSA - USA) and the Fire Industry Association (FIA – UK) partnered to complete the project by testing clean agent systems in high airflow environments. The project scope was expanded to include an examination of the effect of aisle containments on agent distribution.

Click here to access the full report.

FSSA Foam Fact Sheet
June 2021

The firefighting foam industry is currently confronted with rapidly changing regulations on the use, testing, and disposal of AFFF foams and compliance with environmental regulations surrounding AFFF foam concentrates systems. Many FSSA members are stakeholders in the regulatory outcomes associated with AFFF foam. The scope of this fact sheet is to help educate and prepare the FSSA membership by providing current information on the issues and changes that are taking place.

Click here to read the white paper in entirety. 

Fire Safety Systems Protecting Data Centers
Effect of Sound Waves on Data Storage Devices - March 2019

Fires in data centers occur and can result in loss of information, property, and life. A recent survey of FSSA members who install fire extinguishing systems in data centers indicated that hundreds of fires had been successfully extinguished by gaseous clean agent systems in data centers. In 2018, a fire occurred in a data center at a large university on the East Coast of the United States. The installed clean agent system extinguished the fire quickly and no data loss occurred. The campus fire chief related that the information contained on those servers represented years of research for the University and was in his words “priceless.” Although fires in data centers are not “common,” cases like this where an automatic gaseous agent fire system extinguishes a fire with no loss of data are the rule when clean agent systems are deployed.

Several types of fire safety systems are used in data centers.  Click here to read the full White Paper on the Effect of Sound Waves on Data Storage Devices.

UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen and Other Developments - March 2010
Excerpts provided by David Stirpe, Director, The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Responsibility

As reported in a previous FSSA white paper, the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference was held in December 2009.  The intent of this meeting was to address the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, including the commitments by major developing countries to begin emission reduction efforts.  The conference also addressed de-linkage of some of the major developing countries, most notably China, from the "pay to play" diplomacy model.  By that we mean in order to participate in future climate change agreements that are legally binding, large carbon emitters in developing countries, such as China and India, expect financial incentives to be paid by developing countries, primarily the United States. Click here to read the full white paper.